Puppies Leptospirosis

DEFINITION

A bacterial disease affecting humans and animals, caused by pathogenic subtypes (serovars) of  Leptospira spp

 

RISK FACTORS

  • Suburban or rural environment

  • Outdoor exercise areas/activities

  • Exposure to wildlife or livestock (maintenance hosts)

  • Exposure to moist environments/ standing water or to raw sewage

  • Flooding

  • Human risk factors: direct contact with domestic animals, environmental exposure (e.g., fisheries, rice fields, water sports), exposure to wild rodents (urban areas of poor sanitation)

 

PROGNOSIS AND OUTCOME

  • Survival rates for patients with clinical leptospirosis: 70%-85%

  • Patients with acute renal failure are frequently oliguric to anuric and may require dialysis

  • Survivors may have persisting/chronic kidney (common) or liver dysfunction.